Epididymitis is inflammation of the epididymis, which is a structure located on top of each testicle. The epididymis is an important part of the sperm development process. Ochitis is inflammation of the testicles and usually results from the spread of infection from the epididymis.
The primary symptom of epididymitis and Orchitis is sudden and severe pain in the testicular area. Most cases of epididymitis and Orchitis are secondary symptoms to the original infection such as urinary tract infection, STD's, Prostatitis and untreated bacterial infections. Scrotal pain and sensitivity often increase in severity and may lead to swelling, redness and warmth.
The treatment of epididymitis and Orchitis involves using anti-inflammatory medications (ibuprofen, naproxen, etc.), warm soaks and/or ice packs, scrotal support and antibiotics to treat any underlining causes, urinary blockage and bacterial infections.